N. A. Pruel, L. N. Lipatova, V. N. Gradusova. Migration in Modern Russia: Scope, Main Directions and Problems

UDК 325.1(470+571)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.110.028.202001.133-158

Introduction. In recent years, many European countries faced with a significant influx of migrants have experienced economic and social problems. Although redistribution of population is an objective process, both personal and social difficulties can be associated with territorial mobility of people. Therefore, it is important to foresee the possible negative consequences of mass migration. The purpose of this piece of research is to analyze migration flows in modern Russia and identify possible threats to economic security and social stability associated with migration.

Materials and Methods. The study employed the data from the Russian Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat), as well as papers by scientists involved in the study of the problem considered. The systematic approach and the methods of the demographic analysis, comparative analysis, content analysis, generalization and interpretation of the results were adopted.

Results. Based on official statistics and expert estimates, an analysis of the situation in the field of migration in Russia has been carried out, the main directions of population redistribution have been identified, and the need for adjusting the socio-economic policy in the regions experiencing significant migration turnover has been substantiated. A set of measures aimed at reducing the emigration of young people from Russian regions has been proposed.

Discussion and Conclusion. Conclusions have been drawn about the possible increase in the negative impact of migration processes on the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation as a whole as well as that of individual regions in particular. This requires detailed study of migration processes in order to take measures to optimize migration flows and adjust socio-economic policies. The results of the study can be used by the authorities when planning and adjusting socio-economic development programs.

Keywords: international migration, internal migration, youth migration, economic security, social stability, labor potential, labor market, state socio-economic policy


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Submitted 25.10.2019; accepted for publication 18.12.2019; published online 31.03.2020.

About the authors:

Nikolai A. Pruel, Head of the Department of Social Management and Planning, St. Petersburg State University (7-9 Universitetskaya Emb., St. Petersburg 199034, Russia), Dr. Sci. (Sociology), Full Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1468-1145, pruijel@mail.ru

Lyudmila N. Lipatova, Professor, Department of Economics, North-West Institute of Management, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (57/43 Sredny Prospect VO, St. Petersburg 199178, Russia), Dr. Sci. (Sociology), Ph. D. (Economics), Associate Professor, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9357-6708, ln.lipatova@yandex.ru

Valentina N. Gradusova, Associate Professor, Department of Management, North-West Institute of Management, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (57/43 Sredny Prospect VO, St. Petersburg 199178, Russia), Ph. D. (Economics), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0829-4555, vgradusova@gmail.com

Contribution of the authors:

Nikolai A. Pruel – formulation of the basic concept of the article and choice of the research methodology.

Lyudmila N. Lipatova – data collection and analysis; preparation of the initial version of the text; critical analysis and revision of the text.

Valentina N. Gradusova – data collection and analysis; visualization; computer modeling and presentation of data in the text; other computer works; revision of the text.

For citation:

Pruel N.A., Lipatova L.N., Gradusova V.N. Migration in Modern Russia: Scope, Main Directions and Problems. Regionology = Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2020; 28(1):133-158. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.110.028.202001.133-158

The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
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