A. V. Neshataev. Human Capital in Territories with Different Level of Socio-Economic Well-Being: Assessment and Influence

UDК 330.341:314.17

doi: 10.15507/2413-1407.122.031.202301.123-142


Introduction. In modern foreign policy problems of Russia’s development, the need to implement the formation and preservation of the human capital of the population is increasing. Formation and effective use of human capital influences the creation of new technologies and products. At the same time, for many less developed regions – the so-called depressed territories – their socio-economic condition is associated with a low level of reproduction and implementation of the human capital of the population. The accumulation of human capital can have a beneficial effect on the development of depressed territories. The purpose of the article is to assess the human capital of municipalities with different levels of socio-economic status.

Materials and Methods. The study has used a database of statistical indicators of municipalities of the Perm region. To assess the human capital of the population, we have used the index method, in which statistical indicators are combined into blocks: demography, education, health and sports, economics, culture.

Results. A correlation between the values of the educational and demographic indices has been revealed. We have found a relationship between the level of socio-economic status of the territory and the educational index. Territories develop most rapidly in the presence of not only the necessary infrastructure for the formation of human capital, but also a developed economy. None of the development indices of the quality of human capital (education, health and sports, culture) have a direct impact on the economic growth of territories. In some depressed municipalities, there is a high birth rate of the population in the presence of social infrastructure and the quality of human resources necessary for the development of human capital.

Discussion and Conclusion. The practical significance of the study is determined by the need to influence the regional policy of human capital management in peripheral and depressed territories. It is proposed to adopt at the legislative level mechanisms for identifying depressed areas and measures to support them. This article can be used in public administration to create a strategy for the spatial development of the country.

Keywords: human capital, socio-economic well-being, regional economy, depressed areas, developed areas

Conflict of interests. The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

Funding. The research funding from the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation (The Ural Federal University Program of Development within the Priority-2030 Program) is gratefully acknowledged.

For citation: Neshataev A.V. Human Capital in Territories with Different Level of Socio-Economic Well-Being: Assessment and Influence. Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2023;31(1):123–142. doi: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.122.031.202301.123-142


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Submitted 01.08.2022; revised 05.10.2022; accepted 17.10.2022.

About the author:

Alexander V. Neshataev, Assistant, Department of Sociology and Public and Municipal Administration Technologies, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin (19 Mira St., Ekaterinburg 620002, Russian Federation), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0145-7841, Researcher ID: AAG-5745-2021, a.v.neshataev@urfu.ru

The author has read and approved the final version of the manuscript.



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