E. V. Kryzhko, P. I. Pashkovsky. Genesis and Features of Anglo-Saxon Russophobia: Geopolitical Dimension

UDК 316.75:94

doi: 10.15507/2413-1407.122.031.202301.030-045


Introduction. The relevance of the study is due to the modern activation of the phenomenon of Russophobia in Western countries and the associated need to study its origin and specifics, as well as to develop Russian mechanisms to counter this phenomenon. The purpose of the study is to characterize the essence of the genesis and features of Anglo-Saxon Russophobia during its ideological formation in the context of the geopolitical rivalry between the states of the West and Russia.

Materials and Methods. The research has been based on the study of the writings of British authors (military, diplomats and publicists) – contemporaries of the events under consideration, materials from the British media in the first half of the XIX century, reference and conceptual-terminological editions. The methodological basis of the research is the synthesis of systemic and geopolitical approaches within the paradigm of neorealism, which has led to the use of the institutional, historical-genetic and activity methods.

Results. The reasons, the context of occurrence and the definition of the concept of “Russophobia” have been clarified. The features of different variants of Russophobia have been characterized. The genesis of Russophobia of the Anglo-Saxons has been examined. The relationship between Anglo-Saxon Russophobia and geopolitics has been revealed. The evolution of the traditional features and essential characteristics of the Anglo-Saxon version of Russophobia has been shown. Features of Russophobia of the Anglo-Saxons as an ideology have been identified.

Discussion and Сonclusion. The conducted research testifies to the presence of features of the Anglo-Saxon Russophobia as an ideology in the form of permanently manifesting attitudes, the activation of which has been due to the intensification of geopolitical rivalry. The materials and conclusions of the study can be used by scientific centers and government departments of the Russian Federation in the process of forming and implementing state foreign policy and ensuring national security.

Keywords: geopolitical rivalry between Russia and Great Britain, Anglo-Saxon Russophobia, Russophobic ideology of the Anglo-Saxons, anti-Russian information campaign, international relations

Conflict of interests. The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

For citation: Kryzhko E.V., Pashkovsky P.I. Genesis and Features of Anglo-Saxon Russophobia: Geopolitical Dimension. Russian Journal of Regional Studies. 2023;31(1):30–45. doi: https://doi.org/10.15507/2413-1407.122.031.202301.030-045


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Submitted 21.11.2022; revised 28.12.2022; accepted 11.01.2023.

Аbout the authors:

Evgeniy V. Kryzhko, Cand. Sci. (History), Associate Professor, Department of Archeology and World History, V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University (4 Vernadsky Ave., Simferopol 295007, Russian Federation), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9943-819X, Researcher ID: Y-8613-2018, Scopus ID: 57195577771, jeyson1030@gmail.com

Petr I. Pashkovsky, Dr. Sci. (Political Science), Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and International Relations, V. I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University (4 Vernadsky Ave., Simferopol 295007, Russian Federation), ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5403-3797, Researcher ID: AAJ-9474-2020, Scopus ID: 57195581020, petr.pash@yandex.ru

Contribution of the authors:

E. V. Kryzhko – statement of the research problem; data analysis; preparation of the text of the article; formulation of research results and conclusions.

P. I. Pashkovsky – concept development and research initiation; methodological foundations of the study; collection and analysis of data; preparation of the text of the article; formulation of conclusions; critical analysis and revision of the text.

The authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.



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